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Electric Stove & Oven Care

Electric Ovens

Ovens, gas or electric, come with two different styles of clock controls: mechanical clocks (displays either analog time or digital with rolling digital readout) or electronic range controls (ERC), which have an LED digital time display. You should note the type of clock you have (mechanical or ERC), because some of the solutions listed below apply only to one type or the other. For example, references to "start" and "stop" clean time knobs refer only to mechanical clocks.

No Bake

  • Bake element burnt out. Unplug oven, remove bake element and run continuity check on element. Should read in the range of 20 to 40 ohms.
  • Burnt or loose wire to bake element.
  • Bad function selector switch. Run continuity check on switch.
  • Mechanical clock "start" or "stop" knob pushed in.
  • Open oven sensor.
  • Bad electronic range control (ERC) board.

No Broil

  • Broil element burnt out. Unplug oven, remove broiler element and run continuity check on element. Should read in the range of 20 to 40 ohms.
  • Burnt or loose wire to broil element.
  • Bad function selector switch. Run continuity check on switch.
  • Mechanical clock "start" or "stop" knob pushed in.
  • Open oven sensor.
  • Bad ERC.

No Bake or Broil

  • Bad function selector switch. Run continuity check on switch.
  • Mechanical clock "start" or "stop" knob pushed in.
  • Open oven sensor.
  • Bad ERC.
  • Thermal cutout switch open.
  • Bad voltage at oven electrical receptacle. 240v should be measured at the oven receptacle from L1 to L2. 120v should be measured from L1 to neutral and from L2 to neutral. Check circuit breaker to make sure it's not tripped. See this diagram for a three-prong range outlet. For a four-prong range outlet, see this diagram.

No Self Clean

  • Self clean latch bent or misaligned. Inspect for proper alignment to make sure that latch is contacting the latch switch.
  • Defective Self clean latch switch. Run continuity check.
  • Bad function selector switch. Run continuity check on switch.

No Clock Operation

  • Open clock motor winding (mechanical clocks). Run continuity check on clock motor. Replace entire clock if bad.
  • Burnt wire or bad connection supplying power to clock. Check voltage at clock motor.
  • Defective ERC (on ovens with LED digital display

Oven Not Hot Enough

  • Defective oven sensor. Run ohm check. Should read between 1700 and 3000 ohms. If outside this range, replace sensor.
  • Defective oven thermostat.
  • Worn or torn oven door gasket.
  • Bad voltage at oven electrical receptacle. 240v should be measured at the oven receptacle from L1 to L2. 120v should be measured from L1 to neutral and from L2 to neutral. Diagrams here for three-prong and four-prong outlets. Check circuit breaker to make sure it's not tripped.

Oven Goes only to High Heat

  • Defective thermostat.
  • Defective oven relay. Oven relays were primarily used in ovens made by Frigidaire. This includes Kenmore ovens made by Frigidaire.

Erratic Temperature Control

  • Defective oven sensor. Run ohm check.
  • Defective oven thermostat.

Oven Door Stuck Closed

  • Defective ERC. This would affect ovens that have automatic door latching in self clean (no lever), such as Jenn Air's and some other Maytag brands. Check for error code in display. If error code given, check against manufacturer's code explanations in owner's manual or tech data sheet inside oven control panel.
  • Misaligned self clean latch. Disassemble oven to manually free latch and realign or replace as needed.

Fault Code on ERC

Appliance manufacturers carefully guard the meanings of their fault codes. And to make it harder for techs to catch on to the codes, manufacturers will vary the meaning of the codes among model numbers. There are no standard fault code meanings, even within the same brand.

Electric Stove Tops

When your electric stove goes down, check some of these variables to see if you can pinpoint the problem. Sometimes it may be a burner, sometimes the infinite switch and sometimes it could be something completely different. These tips should be able to get you started diagnosing what is going on with your stove.

Burner Doesn't Get Hot

  • Defective burner. Ohm test should read 20 to 30 ohms.
  • Defective burner receptacle. On plug-in type elements, pull out element and inspect receptacle and element plug ends. If excessive charring or pitting is noted, replace receptacle and element.
  • Defective infinite switch. Test for 240 volts AC at the two terminals going to the element when the switch is turned on.

Burner Only Goes to High

  • Defective infinite switch.